In the old cartoons, you knew that the show was over because the words “The End” came up on the screen. To utter such phrases as “The end,” “I’m done,” or “That’s it” is not really a conclusion to a formal presentation. These phrases say nothing and stop your presentation rather than finish it. A good conclusion brings closure to a presentation and also seeks a lasting impact. Because the conclusion is the last part of the talk, it is often the part the audience remembers best. So you want to leave them with a bang. Here are six techniques that can help you bring positive closure to a presentation:
The conclusion should match the introduction in terms of the ideas presented
and the argument put forward. Sometimes you will find that the process
of writing has changed what you have argued and so it will be necessary
to go back and reword the introduction. Finally, the conclusion is not
the place in your essay to introduce new information or new ideas: these
should be in the body of your essay.
Example of an essay conclusion 1
Essay Question: : Italy on the eve of 1860 has often been described
as an unlikely nation. Why?
Before 1860, only a tiny minority of the population believed that
Italy could ever become a unified nation under one Italian ruler.
Yet, despite this belief and the many obstacles blocking the path
to unification such as differences and suspicion between the many
regions of the peninsula, the lack of planning and common goals that
saw many uprisings fail and the divergent views and politics amongst
the men who fought for unity, the Piedmont region emerged "...as the
nucleus around which the rest of Italy could gather" (Mack Smith,
1959: 17). On March 17, 1861, the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed.
Italy was no longer a geographical expression, it was a nation.
reference to essay question
reiteration of thesis point
overview of main arguments explaining the obstacles to Italy's unification
concluding comment and reference to essay question 1 This essay has been adapted from material developed by R. Woodward-Kron, E. Thomson & J. Meek (2000) Academic Writing: a language based guide (CD-ROM), University of Wollongong
© Copyright 2000
Comments and questions should
be directed to Unilearning@
Some plans could be considered by the government to prevent those issues. First of all, since the older generation are more healthier these days, the government should make a new labor regulation to extend the pension age, such as from 60 years to 65 years old. Secondly, the government should encouraged young couples to have more children, perhaps by giving rewards or allowances, if they have more than two children. Lastly, the government could invite productive people from other countries, who have talented skills and sufficient knowledge to migrate in.