Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.
Compliance & Conformity. The concept of compliance is similar to conformity, except with a few distinct differences. Firstly, while the goal of conformity is to influence one's behaviour or beliefs, compliance involves a request to achieve a specific task. Secondly, while conformity usually involves social norm, compliance usually involves authority or other individuals such as friends or acquaintances. Last but not least, the impact of compliance is often limited to overt action and behaviour while the influence of conformity usually extends to the personal beliefs and values of an individual.