Hu was the ROC ambassador to the . between 1938 and 1942.  He was recalled in September 1942 and was replaced by Wei Tao-ming . Hu then served as chancellor of Peking University between 1946 and 1948, and later (1957) president of the Academia Sinica in Taipei, where he remained until his death. He was also chief executive of the Free China Journal , which was eventually shut down for criticizing Chiang Kai-shek . He died of a heart attack in Nankang, Taipei at the age of 70, and is buried in a tomb in Hu Shih Park, by the Academia Sinica campus.