One expert notes in a research paper that this situation may be psychologically harmful to most individuals. For example, an individual may donate a cell in order to create a replica of him or her so that there is an organ available for transplant. Yet, the clone cannot live without the organ. Thus, the donor of the cell is destroying a part of him or herself – his or her son or daughter, if you will – in order to continue living. Many individuals would be unable to endure the psychological trauma associated with this outcome.